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General information
Area: 2,780,400 Km2
Population: 40,091,359 (official census 2010)
Population density: 14.4 inhabitants / km ² (official census 2010)
Capital: Buenos Aires. Population: 15,594,428 (official estimate 2010)

Origin of the name Argentina

It comes from the Latin "argentum" which means silver. The origin of the name goes back to the first voyages made by the Spanish conquerors to Río de la Plata. The survivors of the expedition led by Juan Díaz de Solís found indigenous to the region who presented them with silver objects.
The news about the legendary Sierra del Plata - rich in silver- reached Spain around 1524. Since then, the Portuguese named the river of Solís, Río de la Plata. Two years later the Spanish used the same name.
The Constitution of 1853 adopted as the official name for the government and the country, Republic of Argentina.


Due to the latitudinal extent and variety of landscapes, Argentina has a wide range of climates. In general, the prevailing climate is temperate, but extends to subtropical in the north to subpolar in the far south. The north is characterized by hot, humid summers with mild winters and dry, being subject to periodic droughts. The center of the country has warm summers with rain and storms, and cool winters. The southern regions have warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall, especially in mountainous areas. The highest elevations at all latitudes are experiencing colder conditions, with an arid climate.


Argentina is located in South America, to the east of the Andes. Chile is bordered to the west, the east by the Atlantic Ocean and Uruguay while to the north with the countries of Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. It has four main geographical areas: the Andes, the North, the Mesopotamia, the Pampas and the Patagonia region. The climate and geography of Argentina vary considerably from one point to another, such as Mount Aconcagua, the summit of nearly 7,000 meters and the Iguazu Falls which extend around a semi-circle of 70 m before emptying into the Río Paraná. In the southwest lies the little Switzerland with beautiful lakes fed by snowmelt from the mountains.

Constitution and Government

Argentina is a sovereign state, organized as a representative and federal republic. Its territory is divided into 23 provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, capital of the nation and home to the federal government.

Historical dates

On May 25th, 1810 was deposed the last Spanish viceroy and organized the First Governing Board, and on July 9th, 1816 in Tucumán was formally proclaimed independence as free and sovereign country.


The official language is Spanish.

Over 90% of the population is Roman Catholic, Protestant 2% and a small community of Muslims and Jews.


The official currency is the Peso. There are 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos as well as coins of 5, 10, 25, 50 cents, and 1 peso.


The current in Argentina is 220 volts, 50 cycle alternating current. Power outlets have 2 cylindrical holes or 2 flat holes with ground connection.


The country code is 54. The international code is 00. The system is often overloaded and international calls are expensive. The phone booths are located in shops and restaurants. Public telephones work with coins or cards. Free calls beginning with 0800

Time zone

Since October 2008, Argentina has established two time zones, these being GMT-3 GMT-2. The decision was made as part of a national management for energy savings.

Documents and Visas

For foreign tourists entering the country is required a valid passport while citizens of neighboring countries, only need a personal identification document. Nationals of certain countries, they require submission of visa. For more information, contact the Embassy of Argentina in their country.


The main gateway to the country is the Ezeiza International Airport, located 35 km from the city of Buenos Aires. As for domestic flights, they are operated from the Jorge Newbery Airport bound for the provincial capitals as well as the main tourist resorts. Long distance buses are another good option to visit Argentina.

Rent-a-Car and Taxis

The leading international car rental companies offer their services in the major cities and airports.
On the other hand, taxis have an initial fixed rate, which is displayed to the public.

Food & Beverage

Argentina is recognized around the world for their meat and wines. Regional dishes are varied and delicious. The most popular international cuisine is Italian, French and Spanish, even German cuisine, Jewish, Greek, Scandinavian and Hungarian, among others, are also delighted.


Both Buenos Aires and major cities have exclusive malls, where the most prestigious national and international brands are represented.
In Buenos Aires, businesses are normally open from 9:00 am until 7:00 pm. But in Mendoza the shops are open from 9:00 am to 1:00 pm and from 5:00 pm to 9:00 pm.




271 Moreno St - Maipu - Wine Rout - Mendoza - Argentina - CP 5513
Cell Phone: +54 9 261 5778880